Not every person having any slight abnormality in their body needs a surgery. It is important to note what kind of people needs to be treated through surgery. As people grow old, they begin to face different kinds of bodily complications. Complications like difficulty in walking, heart disease, variations in the blood pressure of the deterioration of basic mental faculties like hearing, eyesight and cognitive functions are very common among the old people. The thing that really happens is that their immune system grows so weak that if they are subjected to even minor injuries, then that result in something fatal and more often than not, they require surgery for it. The problem lies in their inability to sustain too many post-surgical health complications, which makes surgeries in their case really difficult.

Babies and young children are too young and therefore at a greater risk while undergoing any kind of surgery. Their organs are underdeveloped and their immunity system is also developing, which makes them prone to numerous risks post surgery. Nevertheless, surgery is inevitable in their case because certain complications, if not treated with the help of surgery, can damage them further and might prove to be fatal.

People who have low immunity and are not strong enough to sustain certain injures need to undergo surgery, so that their injuries do not prove to be fatal for them. Some surgeries are performed with the objective of preventing the growth and spread of infections in the body from a wound.


  1. GENERAL SURGERY– It is generally performed on the abdominal contents of the body. It also deals with the skin tissues.
  2. BREAST SURGERY– It is performed on the breast in order to treat breast cancer or increase or decrease the size of the breast.
  3. CARDIOTHORACIC SURGERY– It is the surgical treatment of the organs inside the chest, or the general conditions related to the heart or the lungs.
  4. COLORECTAL SURGERY– Colorectal surgery deals with the disorders of the rectum, anus or colon.
  5. CRANIOFACIAL SURGERYCraniofacial surgery is a surgical subspecialty that deals with congenital deformities of the headskullfaceneckjaws and the other structures associated with it.
  6. DENTAL SURGERY– Dental surgery is the surgery used to treat the disorders and diseases of the teeth and the jaws.
  7. ENDOCRINE SURGERY– Endocrine surgery is the surgery that focuses on the endocrine glands, including the thyroid glands, the parathyroid glands, and the adrenal glands, glands of the endocrine pancreas and some neuroendocrine glands.
  8. GYNECOLOGY– It is the field of study related to a woman’s reproductive health, namely her vagina, uterus, fallopian tubes, ovaries and her breasts. The counterpart of gynecology is andrology, which is the medical treatment of the male reproductive health.
  9. NEUROSURGERY– Neurosurgery is the medical treatment which includes the surgical treatment of the disorders related to the brain and the nervous system.
  10. 10. OPTHALMOLOGY- It is the surgical treatment of the diseases related to the eye and the orbit.

Other surgical specialties are oncology, oral and maxillofacial surgery, transplantation, orthopedic surgery, pediatric, plastic surgery etc.